Dier el Bahari of Queen Hatshepsut psut
The name is Queen Hatshepsut of Ammon Hatshepsut, and her name means Amun’s daughter, Dora of the princesses or Amun’s favourite, over women. She is considered the fifth in the chain of the eighteenth dynasty kings, and she received the ruling after the death of her husband, King Tuthmosis the Second.
Queen Hatshepsut was born in 1508 BC; she is the eldest daughter of Queen Ahmose and King Thutmose I, found by Ahmose I, founder of the eighteenth Pharaonic family, and the owner of the great victory in liberating Egypt from the invasion of the Hyksos. She is considered the only and legitimate heir to the country’s throne if there is no heir Male legit.
Queen Hatshepsut studied the science of behaviour, and correct ethics, in addition to philosophy, arithmetic, reading, writing, rules of creation, and language, in addition to the correct religious rituals, and she also had to strive to learn the wisdom of the ancient Egyptian sages, which people transmitted among themselves as any A person from the royal family, princesses, and children of ministers. She was afraid of the teacher who was studying it because he did not give importance to the status of his students, as it was an example of justice that must be applied to everyone without any advantages.
Queen Hatshepsut shared her father’s rule, as he is the legitimate heir to him, knowing that he died when she was twenty years old. She had to bear the responsibility and assumed power on her own. Still, the male authority, society, and priests stood in her way and tried to marry her to her half-brother, Thutmose II, despite his poor health. His little experience in managing the country’s affairs and thus becomes just the king’s wife and nothing more.
The works of Queen Hatshepsut
During her rule, she built a strong and energetic army on its cruises with neighbouring regions.
Many mines and quarries that were neglected before they came to power were opened, especially copper mines in the Sinai Peninsula region.
Trade activity was active with its neighbours, as it reused the canal linking the Red Sea and the Nile River, cleaned it, and facilitated the Egyptian fleet’s path towards the Gulf of Suez, then towards the Red Sea.
She ordered many buildings in the Karnak Temple and built her temple in Deir el-Bahari in Luxor.
It ordered the creation of large naval ships to activate the movement of the Egyptian merchant fleet and used them to transport the obelisks it had ordered to add to the side of the Karnak temple to glorify the god Amon.
I ordered to send a mission to Aswan to bring many huge stones to build the facilities and constructed two great granite obelisks to glorify the god Amon and then transported them across the Nile to Tiba.
It contributed to trade prosperity due to importing some fish species by sending a large fleet to the Atlantic Ocean.
Commercial missions were dispatched aboard many ships carrying navigation in the Red Sea, loaded with gifts and goods such as papyrus, flaxseed, Puntland (Somalia), and southern Yemen. The king received the mission well and returned them loaded with abundant quantities of wood and incense. , Predators, precious stones, ivory, leather.
Queen Hatshepsut died after assuming her 22 years of rule in the country on the fourteenth of January in 1457 B.C. She died due to diabetes or cancer, knowing that her grave is in the Valley of the Kings next to her father’s grave and is symbolized by the number KV20.