Colossi of Memnon
It consists of two huge statues that were created around the year 1350 before the birth of Christ, and they are all that remains of a temple that was in this region in memory of Pharaoh “Amenhotep III”, one of the kings of the eighteenth dynasty, which is the most powerful ruling family in ancient Egyptian history. The site of the Colossi of Memnon in the western mainland of Luxor, and the height of the statue is about 19 meters and a third ………
The two statues remained properly representing the pharaoh Amenhotep III until the Ptolemaic occupation of Egypt came and Alexander the Macedonian entered the year 27 before the birth of Christ, after which a strong earthquake occurred that led to cracks and cracks in the upper northern half of the eastern statue from them, and this led to the emergence of a sound of music and whistling when the passage of air The morning in those dew-saturated cracks in the statue,
This prompted ancient Greek historians who visited Egypt in the first century B.C. according to the logical level prevailing at the time to claim that the statue sings at the sunrise, and they recorded this strange phenomenon in writing on the leg and base of the statue and wrote poems in Greek about it …
The Roman Emperor Hadrian and his wife Yebena came and spent several days next to the statue to listen to its singing according to the allegations of interpretations of that era. Many great and historians were keen to register their names on the statue, and eight names of the rulers of Egypt in the Roman era can be observed recorded on it … …..
As for a reason for naming a statue of Memnon with this name, Greece has a myth without wit and laughter. The Greeks attributed the two statues to one of the ethnic heroes called “Memnon”, who participated in a war called “Trojan”. Memnon was killed in this battle at the hands of ” Achilles “one of the Greek heroes, and Memnon’s mother was longing to see him, and she did not believe that he died in the war, so she kept looking for him everywhere, and she came to Egypt to ask the priests of the temples, and one day she went down near the two statues, and the dew fell on her from the statues in the morning with the sound of the whistling that was It comes out of the statue, which cracked backs with the passage of the air, and she said that the spirit of her son Memnon had entered the two statues, so they claimed that Memnon, this hero who died murdered, greets his mother with a breeze of air every morning with a sad voice and tears of crying through these statues …..
In about the year 200 AD, the Roman Emperor “Severus” worked to fix the defect in the statue that caused that sound, which led to the disappearance of the legendary voice, which led to the reluctance of people to go to the statues at the time. Still, the two statues remained witnesses to the events of time and civilizations that passed through them.
Many scholars travellerslers from all over the world were keen to register their names on the stator to document that they had seen it, and there are also on the statue the names of eight Roman rulers of Egypt during the Roman era.