Temple of Kom Ombo
Located on the eastern bank of the Nile between the cities of Edfu and Aswan, it lies 45 km north of Aswan and 137 km south of Luxor. This large city built on the edge of fertile agricultural land is located on the road to the gold mines in the Eastern Desert. Also on the land road leading to oases and Sudan…
 
Kom Ombo, one of the important cities in the first region of Upper Egypt, was known in the ancient Egyptian language as “Nabit” and means gold due to the occurrence of gold mines nearby, and then mentioned in the Greek language “Ambos” and then in the Coptic “Ambo”, Added to the word com in Arabic and means the hill or plateau, to become the meaning Tel gold …..
 
Most historical studies indicate that Kom Ombo was one of the holy regions of the ancient Egyptians since prehistoric times. The main Kom Ombo is attributed to the existence of a temple of the lesser of the temples, whether Egyptian or Ptolemaic, dedicated to the idol “Hor-Ra” and the idol “Subk”, and the city of Kom Ombo was connected mythically to the story of the conflict between the …
 
This myth tells that Horus, the great good, his evil brother Sobek expelled him from the town, and all the people of the town followed him into exile. When the villain found himself alone without anyone planting his fields, he resorted to his magic and called the dead to do this work and obeyed him. Gold and money in the land instead of planting grain, until the ground dried up and became a barren desert with no vegetation or water, and the city to its abrupt end according to legend, but the strange thing is the existence of the ruins of an old city, and this indicates that it was destroyed by a fire Massive, this may be just a coincidence or an accident.
 
Temple of Kom Ombo
 
The temple was founded on worshipping the god Sobik symbolized by the head of a crocodile, worship of the idol Horus, symbolized by the head of a hawk. Despite the colour difference, they lived side by side for centuries without interference. King Ptolemy V was the first to begin construction of the temple 205-180 before the birth of Jesus. The development of the temple in the era of “Ptolemy VI” to the era of “Ptolemy VIII” and completed the construction until the hall columns except for the inscriptions, which was completed in the era of the Roman Emperor “Tiberius”, and added to the Emperor, “Domitian” To register his name, and continued construction of the temple in the reigns of the Roman emperors The ancient temple was founded on the ruins of an ancient temple dedicated to the worship of Sobek and called “the righteousness of Sobek”, i.e. the house of Sobek and due to the era of King “Thutmose” the third” ……..
 
The temple of Kom Ombo is distinguished by its historical features, which highlight the ancient Roman civilization, which is clear in its design and decoration, as well as the decoration of the temple with the Egyptian hieroglyphic inscriptions which are characterized by accuracy and harmony that explains their way of life and their high standard of living. For the treatment of patients, which show the scissors and scalpels and cups and hooks and other tools used by the ancient Egyptians, and the temple has one of the paintings that show the completion of one of the operations performed in ancient…
 
The Kom Ombo temple is characterized by the presence of many columns in it; it was designed to consist of an external column hall, followed by a smaller hall of columns that extend to the inner squares that end with the two chambers dedicated to the worship of the worshipers Horus and Sobek, was known to the ancient Egyptians dedicated to the temple worship of one idol. This temple was dedicated to the worship of idolaters, which was strange at the time, as it was known for the worship of good and evil in the same place. The good symbolizes the idol Horus, while evil symbolizes the god Sobek, which symbolizes the permissibility of the ancient Egyptians. Kill her and stuffed her to prove the defeat of the forces of evil to Sobek, where he found the mummified crocodiles next to the temple.