Jabal al-Silsila Quarry (ancient sandstone mount archaeological chain ) Aswan
One of the most important archaeological areas of the ancient Egyptians from the West Bank of the Nile River, 20 km north of Kom Ombo, 65 km north of Aswan, where the Nile River narrows so that every bank becomes a cliff
It is the quarry area from which all the ancient Egyptian temples were built.
It is divided into “Mount Chain West” and “Mountain Chain East”; between them is the Nile River.
It is approximately 100 km in length and approximately 1 km in width
The ancient Egyptian name for Jabal al-Silsila was “Khenu” or “Khani”, meaning “rowing place.”
The area contains 104 quarries, 52 in the eastern mainland and 52 in the western mainland.
Archaeological remains and written texts on the East Bank indicate that the area was used from prehistoric times to the Coptic era.
Quarries lasted from the eighteenth dynasty until the times of Greek and Roman Egypt.
Kings and senior statesmen built palaces and religious buildings on the site.
The area includes 32 ancient Egyptian booths on the West Bank,
The most famous is the King’s Pavilion “Loving Poplar,” a small carved caravan on the mountain. In it, King Ramses II engraved many inscriptions.
Evidence from the Upper Paleolithic period was found on the East Bank
I found a necropolis dating back to pre-dynastic times and found rock paintings of the same age depicting people, boats, animals and birds.
From the era of the New Kingdom, the mountain of Silsila became a quarry of sandstone and became a primary source for this type of stone, and from the mid-family 18 to the Roman era,
Most of the temples were cut from these quarries, such as Karnak, Luxor, Habu, Kom Ombo, Edfu, Esna, and Dandara.
On the east bank, there is a painting that chronicles the era of King Amenhotep the Fourth and records activities during the reign of this king in the quarry.
Its stone quarry was built in Esna Reservoir in the Nile River in 1906.