As the ancient Egyptian creed tells, the ancient Egyptians were preoccupied with the human condition and fate after death.
He believed in a calculation or reward and punishment system after his death. The soul enters the “fields of Ayaro,” heaven in the Egyptian creed, the lake of fire, or Hell.
Court of the dead
According to the ancient Egyptian doctrine, the deceased is brought before a court consisting of 42 judges of the number of regions of Egypt. They represent the principles of “Maat”, the goddess of order, justice and truth, the 42 principles, in the forefront of which are “Ra”, and “Osiris” who sits on the throne as the Lord of the underworld, and behind him stands His sister “Isis” and “Nephthys” and in front of him are the four sons of Horus, “Emsti”, “Habi”, “Duamot F”, and “Kabah Snow F”, and they represent the four directions.
At the beginning of the court, “Horus” comes to the dead, and “Maat” stands next to him, wearing a beautiful dress, to appear in front of “Osiris”, and a court is set up for him to evaluate his work, and “Anubis” weighs his heart with the feather of Maat, as the heart of the dead was placed on the scale in the cuff, and the feather of the goddess Maat in the cuff The other, and the dead begin to confess or testify, and “Thoth”, the god of writing and wisdom, records the result of the scale with a pen in his record. In contrast, the mythical monster “Amamot” stands waiting to devour the heart of the dead is a liar.
One of the most important principles of Maat that the deceased acknowledges and for which he is held accountable is that he did not kill or incite killing, he did not commit adultery or take revenge, he did not attack anyone or wronged humans or cause harm to animals, he did not steal or destroy the crops of others, and he did not witness falsehood or lie, He did not cruel, judge, or eavesdrop on anyone, or he was angry. He did not waste or pollute water and other moral principles related to his daily life with others.
Lake of fire
British writer Jeremy Nadler says in his book “The Temple of the Universe” that when the soul travels to the underworld called “Duat”, it encounters rivers of fire, which are rivers that separate the water from the ground. These rivers have been coloured red as evidence of their ignition, just as It came in the “Annie” papyrus in the British Museum, which was recorded in the year “1350” BC. The fire of Hell in the ancient Egyptian belief symbolizes the divine light that separates darkness from light, and the effect of the lake differs according to different spirits. If the soul is pure, it passes in peace rather The lake fire relieves the soul of all the impurities that have hung it on the earth, but if the soul is impure, it will fall into the lake of fire and will be subjected to severe torment and pain.
Chapter 126 of the book “Exodus to the Day”, which is one of the texts of “Matun Al-Ahram”, says:
O Guardians of the Lake of Light “Baboons”
You who live in the Maat, “the cosmic system.”
You who hate deception
Wash me from what stuck with me from falsehood and deception
Heal the wounds that hit me from the world of the earth
Purify me from all that stuck in me from impurity
The lake of fire has a guard called “Amamot / Mut / Amit / Amit,” which means in ancient Egyptian “devourer” the succubus, devouring bodyguards, devouring hearts, devouring spirits, and she is the guardian of the fire lakes. Or a wild cat with the back of her body, the second half of a female hippopotamus, who used to have a special cult centre in Thebes, which is currently shorter.
The ancient Egyptians depicted four monkeys called “baboons” around the lake of fire. It is one of the sacred symbols indicating the first events of creation, where the eternal waters called “Nun” from which the eternal earth came out. It is associated with the god “Ra” as his birth and his departure from chaos and darkness Of light. Therefore baboons that make noises at sunrise every morning indicate the rising of the divine light of Ra.
The second path that the soul takes or passes by, if the dead succeeds in the experience of “Maat”, which is the weight of the heart in the balance of justice and truth, his fate would be “fields of ayaru”, which represent paradise in the ancient Egyptian belief, which are fields of reeds characterized by the abundance of rivers and trees.
The most important scenes depicted in the fields of Iyaro are the ones that came in the “Ani” papyrus, which dates back to the Middle Kingdom era. Ra, as for the third, “Ani”, ploughs the land, and the final scene depicts two boats with stairs to ascend to the kingdom of “Osiris” and the light creatures.