Forty million Years Tour
Dry Scoabdiving on the forty million Sea
From here begins the history of the earth under the sand waves of the pre-human and prehistoric era, and from the ruggedness of the depths of the oceans to the rugged terrain of the desert, about 40 million years ago. To the legend from the truth
is full of priceless thousands of petrified animals and plants and is a stop for migratory birds, endangered animals and wild plants.
Geographically, Wadi Al-Hitan is among the 30 nature reserves in Egypt. It is part of the Wadi El-Rayan Protectorate and part of the Fayoum Oasis, considered one of the most important Egyptian oases in the Western Desert.
Wadi Hitan is located in the southwest of the city of Cairo, about 220 km away. We head southwest to Fayoum, and from Fayoum, we head west to Wadi El Rayan.
Wadi Hitan Its story begins in 1902 when an English scientist came to do his graduation research and visited the Fayoum area and Wadi Al-Hitan and found fossils of bones and took some fossils and bones from them. He travelled to England and mistakenly named it Basilus Siras after the name of a dinosaur.
By 1989, the leader of the American-Egyptian expedition, Philip Gundrich, announced the bones discovered, which are whale bones, not ancient dinosaurs. The first scientific research that Philip Gandris did was about the whale, which was the first whale they found that had feet.
They differed that it was a whale or a living creature that lived in the area.
There was a question going around: the whales that had feet and walked on dry land.
Wadi Al-Hitan is considered the link point, and it came through the discovery of the first samples of a whale’s skeleton with its legs and small feet. It guided scientists to decipher whale skeletons' evolution from walking whales to whales in the form known now.
Until now, scientists have discovered 13 fossil sites, and the syndicate has revealed the change that happened to the marine life of whales, such as the discovery of the Atracus dordon whale and Basilius Isis, which may reach 18 meters in length.
So far, geological research missions have harvested 1,400 geological sites of different organisms, crocodile sharks or whales and others, but 18 sites are open for visiting. The rest is for research and studies only.
The marine animals found in the valley are the remains of sharks’ teeth, crocodile bones, fish such as sawfish, and the remains of whales such as bacillus, one of the most famous species in the Wadi al-Hitan.
Which made Wadi Al-Hitan appear in this picture, although 40 million years ago it covered Wadi Al-Hitan and all of Egypt, since Fayoum is low, so it began to recede and retreat, and this led to the siege of the whales that exist because of the mountains
It was a huge ocean covering a large area of North Africa before receding in the Mediterranean, leaving behind fossils that reveal the nature of the ancient world. The land was not stationary and was moving in the northeast direction. Therefore the movement makes it collide with Europe, and this led to the narrowness of the sea of politicization and from about 45 million years ago was the boundary of the beach near Fayoum, specifically the Whale Valley, in which there are sharks, with a large number of shells, tons of which whales have disappeared under the layers of the earth. One of the main factors that made the bones buried for millions of years was sand. All desert areas are full of fossilized remains of marine animals. Still, Wadi Al-Hitan Dona is distinguished from any other area in the Western Desert by not being affected by the amount of sand covering most of the Western Desert like any other region. The most prominent of them is the Eocene era.
The Eocene epoch was characterized by the appearance of the first modern mammals and the birth of living creatures different from its earlier times.
The middle Eocene era has distinct living organisms that do not exist except in this age, the ignolates, and this is decisive evidence that these rocks date back to this era between 40 or 45 million years ago, and this is also evidence that the tragic death of organisms occurred in this era.
This was not the only event in history because there were previously the largest dinosaurs' purposes, which will likely happen again.
There are some questions about the death of this number of whales in this particular place. There is an answer to this question: either the possibility of a mass suicide of whales or an attack by a predator.
There are several indications of a shark that preyed on small whales, such as fractures in the skull, fins and forearm, and this is a response to the theory of whale suicide that there was a natural environment and not suicide. Also, most living creatures died in their places, and the remains of food are still inside, which is evidence that these animals were not touched. remains
Most of the organisms found the bent body, and this is evidence of resistance.
Wildlife and plants in Wadi Al-Hitan have diversity in species present on top of extinct wild animals, such as the Egyptian deer, which has existed for about 25 years, along with the types of cans and birds. The International Organization UNESCO approved the Wadi Al-Hitan Reserve in Fayoum as a World Heritage Reserve in 2005.
After the discovery of fossils of a giant whale weighing 7 tons and length of 18 meters
In 2007, the reserve was officially opened, and it is considered.
Activity Level: Moderate
Fayoum Oasis-Qaroun Lake -
Wadi Hitan - Wadi Rayyan - Modawara -Cairo
At 6.00 am, Our Egypt Magic Tours Egyptologist guide will pick you up from your hotel in Cairo by an air-conditioned 4 × 4 vehicles towards Fayoum oasis “about 95km - 1 Hour Driving on a Tar road”, which was considered as a cult centre for worshipping The Crocodile God “Sobek” during the ancient Egyptians era. Upon arrival to Fayoum, you will have a Stop to have a picnic lunch and take some rest. Proceeding to explore north of Qaroun Lake and stop at the following sites: the Petrified Forest, Waterfalls, continue the tour by wandering around Valley of Whales "Wadi Hitan". It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2005 for its hundreds of fossils of some of the earliest forms of Whale. See fossils up to 200 million years old, from when the desert was covered in water. The most conspicuous fossils are the skeletons and bones of whales and sea cows. The fossils of whales vary from single bones to entire skeletons. Some partial skeletons are currently on display in the public part of the park. . After that, You will be picked up in the 4×4 Safari car towards the Magic Lake in Wadi al-Rayyan Protectorate; this unique lake lies in the middle of nowhere, surrounded by beautiful high dunes where you can enjoy swimming in this beautiful lake. Then moving to visit Mudawara Mountain, which is located only a couple of hundred meters to the south of Wadi El Rayyan Road. It is more of a rock formation than a true mountain; its layered appearance is beautiful, with a certain symmetry to the feature that draws your gaze to it, then going to “Wadi al-Rayan”, designated a Protected Area in 1989. It’s an amazing destination for a soft adventure day trip. You can swim in the lakes, jump off the water or enjoy the terrific natural scenery there. After that, you will be picked up by the 4×4 air-conditioned vehicle, travelling back to Cairo, dropping off at the hotel before the sunset, and staying overnight in Cairo.
BRAND NEW FOUR-WHEEL-DRIVE FROM CAIRO TO FAYOUM AND BACK .
We have more than thirty years of experience.
We specialise in small groups that start from six to ten guests.
We are guiding the Alumni of the universities of Berkeley, Connell, TCU.
Our team of Egyptologists and lecturers have more than 20 years of experience.
We have a Certificate of insurance covering life and Covid amounting to 50,000 $