Edfu temple is the most beautiful of the Ptolemaic temples.
The Temple of Edfu or the Temple of Horus in Edfu is the second temple in ancient Egypt in size, after the Temple of Karnak, and one of the last attempts of the Ptolemies to build temples in the manner of their ancestors in the form and grandeur. A great battle took place between “Horus” and “Set.”
The importance of the Edfu temple is due to its being the most beautiful and most complete Ptolemaic temple. It is unique among all ancient Egyptian temples by being intact or almost complete, while most of the temples in Egypt are in poor condition.
It is an Egyptian temple located on the west bank of the Nile in Edfu, Upper Egypt. The city was known in the Hellenistic and Latin period as “Apollonopolis Magna”, after the main god Horus, who was defined as Apollo under and is one of the best-preserved shrines in Egypt. The temple was built in the Kingdom of The Ptolemies between 237 and 57 BC. The inscriptions on its walls provide important information about language, mythology, and religion during the Hellenistic era in Egypt. In particular, the excavated temple building texts “provide details of each of its construction, and also preserve information about the mythological interpretation of this and all other temples such as an island. Creation There are also “important scenes and inscriptions of sacred dramas related to the ancient struggle between Horus and Set, which the German Project Edfu translated.”
Edfu temple walls: –
This temple was built in the city of (Edfu) and was dedicated to worshipping the idol (Horus) and is considered the only temple that remained in its good condition.
It began to be built by the king (Ptolemy III), but its construction continued for a full century because of war and strife.
The temple begins with the great edifice, which is 35 meters high and is represented by a
Two towers (Ptolemy III) slaughtering enemies, followed by an open courtyard surrounded by columns on three sides, and in the middle of it was an altar for offering sacrifices.
Then we lead to the foyer with 12 columns with floral capitals.
Then we enter the lobby of the pillars, and then we reach inside an area that diminishes the light until we reach the Holy of Holies located at the last point of the temple.
The Temple of Edfu is located on the west bank of the Nile, about 1300 meters west of the Nile. It is connected to the Nile by a small underground stream used by the ancients to measure the river’s waters. The intention of choosing this site was to win over the Egyptians as a political goal to establish their rule in the country.
The temple consists of a gate, a hall, a colonnade and an open courtyard, and in the façade is the symbol of Horus, and in the open courtyard, the celebration of the annual trip in which the goddess Horus was staying to bring his wife the goddess (Hathor) from her temple in Dandara to celebrate her in the temple of Edfu. There is a hall with inscriptions showing the foundation of the temple. The other pillars hall, the sanctuary, and the boat room
Feast of the visit of Hathor: –
The Egyptians organized an annual visit by Hathor to her husband’s residence to Edfu. The visit order has become an official feast since the days of Thutmose III. They called it a good meeting. They were celebrating it with a great celebration. To her temple, scenes of that sacred marriage were engraved on the northern walls of the first courtyard, and that feast was held twice a year.