An overview of the most important ancient Egyptian books on the faith
Amduat Amduat
An Egyptian expression meaning that in the afterlife (imy_duat) is used as the modern title of a royal text known to the ancient Egyptians as The Book of the Secret Chamber. The purpose is to introduce the deceased to the wonders of the other world, and it consists of 12 parts, each of which is divided into three records. Each record is controlled by a central idea and every hour of these twelve hours corresponds to an hour of the night. This text goes back to the beginning of the modern state, and the book of tools is the oldest text inscribed on The walls of the royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings, which is a scientific exploration of eternity as well as being an hour-by-hour description of the night-time journey of the sun machine in the other world. It is distinguished by the illustrated lists of the gods and comments from texts on the events and their participants …
Book of Caverns
A modern name for an author related to the other world, created during the Nineteenth Dynasty. The other world is divided into six parts, each with several scenes related to specific aspects of eternity recorded in caves or pits over which the sun machine passes on his journey. These drawings are derived from an idea used at eight o’clock. Of the tools, the entire author is filled with pictorial elements with comments appropriate to the contents of the scenes, and the longest texts are mostly invitations of Laziris. Comic notes are accompanying some scenes.
Heavenly Cow Book
A modern name for a work that originated from the Amarna period and Najdah in the Valley of the Kings at the end of the Eighteenth Dynasty and reveals the attempt of the Sun Machine to annihilate the rebellious human race then regretted that and subsequently withdrew to Heaven, where he worked on setting up an organization that conforms to his desires.
Book of the day
A modern name for an author from the Ramesside era consists of a pictorial text of the solar cycle with lists of deities and explanatory commentaries instead of long texts.
Book of the dead
A modern title for a group of illustrated incantations that the Egyptians called … The Book of the Coming in the Day … and it is basically a personal roll of inscribed papyrus papers that were placed in the cemeteries of ordinary people during the modern state, and the Book of the Dead is not an actual text but an idea, and some incantations for declaring innocence from Sins and the trial of the dead while others are for consumption, and some of them could be obtained in many formats, and the length and quality of the text differ according to the purchasing power of the buyer and his initial desires, and some texts of the Book of the Dead are completely new, while there are other texts in it refer to .. the texts of coffins … but to. The ancient texts of the pyramids and the basic principle of these spells and their sole purpose is to emphasize magic in preserving life for the dead while he is on his eternal journey and during and within its borders, and from these texts, modern scholars were able to understand the hopes and fears that the average Egyptian had about eternity, and this has emerged. Text in the Valley of the Kings at the end of the Nineteenth Dynasty.
Book of the earth
A modern name for a royal author from the Twentieth Dynasty related to the night-time journey of the sun machine through the other world. It consists of four parts filled with drawings of mummified figures and sun disks, and the image of the other world is the earth ….. in a larger form …. full of tombs, caves and stone sarcophagi Which contains many of the holy bodies.
Book of the gates
A modern name for a royal author dating back to the end of the eighteenth family, and the title refers to the role … the gates … which separate the twelve hours of the night. This author is similar to the book al-Amdawt, but less bright than it. It draws on the general handwriting, and all these three records are composed Of some individual scenes side by side and include long lists of goddesses of the goddesses; it also contains an extensive explanation of some specific problems in eternity, such as the threat of Apophis, the nature of time, justice, material blessings and the geographic composition of eternity.
Night Book
A modern name for the author of Makki from the era of Ramesses, which is the most faithful and detailed book of the heavens. The night journey of the sun in the world of eternity takes place through the body of Nut, the goddess of the heavens, who swallows the sun at the end of the day and gives birth to it in the morning, which is like a twin … the book of the day …
BOOK OF HEAVENS
Texts from the era of Ramesside parallels the books of the other world and relate to the features of the heavens.
BOOK OF THE NETHER WORLD
A modern definition of a complete set of royal texts adorns the walls of the tombs of the Valley of the Kings. Unlike the Book of the Dead for ordinary people, which includes a variety of magic amulets, the books of the heavens are pictorial scientific and theological theories that include the books of the gates, the book of caves and the book of the earth.
COFFIN TEXTS
Excerpts from magical amulets in the form of the anthology were inscribed in coffins of ordinary people during the Middle Kingdom, and these formulas are intended to confirm the life of the dead in eternity and thus provide information on the beliefs of the Egyptians in eternity during a period in which there were no royal funeral texts.
Supplications of Ra LITANY OF RE
A modern name for a two-part work used in royal tombs since the middle of the Eighteenth Dynasty, and it may have been placed at the same time the supplies appeared. The first part of this book is a lullaby of the sun machine under 75 different names, each of which has a special function, and the second part is a phrase On a series of supplications in which the pharaoh adopts the nature, role and personality of various deities, the most important of which is the sun god.
PYRAMID TEXTS
The oldest known group of religious texts, inscribed on the walls of the inner chambers of the royal pyramids of the kings of the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties, including very ancient texts dating back to the prehistoric era, along with other texts closer to the age, are like royal books about the other world. Unlike the formulas of coffins texts for ordinary people and the Book of the Dead, its phrase is taken as a fact that confirms a position between the gods of peace to the dead king. Unlike the books of the other world, we find, like the coffins texts and the book of the dead, selected excerpts from the texts and not a text originally placed in an approved framework and an integrated design. The texts seem to contain fragments of rituals and fragments of myths Which wwereeedeemed useful to the dead king, in addition to what looked like magic orders to repel evil.
Magical Egyptian Amulets.
Called “Hypocephalus”.
They were placed under the heads of the deceased to protect them on their journeys into the Afterlife.
Instructions on their creation are included in the Book of the Dead, and each is unique to the person it was buried with.
LOUVRE MUSEUM. PARIS FRANCE.
Mantra eliminate flap
This scene is a paragraph from one of the religious books, the book of the dead, “Going out into the day.” The deceased must eliminate the snake that destroys the donkey and save that donkey, “the legendary brown donkey,” from being bitten by this judge, and more than one sight has been mentioned. For this depiction in more than one papyrus, this snake is one of the other world’s dangerous snakes, and it is often called a shelf rack, and it is often accompanied by the text: “If a shelf is shattered,” meaning: – (The spell for eliminating the snake is a shelf).